The fur trade economy transformed Ojibwe social organization and resource use. As the world embarks on a new … Long before any Europeans knew of their existence the people of Grassy Narrows had a fully functional society with their own economic, political, legal and spiritual systems. The Canadian governments’ refusal to respect its treaty with Grassy Narrows and its decision to continue to allow provincially mandated corporations, such as Weyerhaeuser, to decimate Grassy Narrows’ land without the community’s consent is in direct violation of basic human rights as articulated by the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in its interpretation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination – an established and binding human rights treaty: The Committee especially calls upon States parties to recognize and protect the rights of Indigenous peoples to own, develop, control and use their communal lands, territories and resources and, where they have been deprived of their lands and territories traditionally owned or otherwise inhabited or used without their free and informed consent, to take steps to return those lands and territories. "Â, The NDP are also committing to lift all drinking water advisories by 2021.Â, But it's not soon enough for the residents of Grassy Narrows.Â, "Why do we have to keep living this way?" They migrated northward and westward during the late 17th and early 18th centuries in search of animals to supply the fur trade. Kristy Kirkup. Browse more videos. More, We Have Never Experienced Such Concern: Transnational Bonds of Solidarity from Minamata to Grassy Narrows and Whitedog First Nations, Grassy members remain vigilant about logging, Grassy Narrows First Nation fears further mercury poisoning as Ford government ends assessments for clear-cut logging, Mercury levels higher in Grassy Narrows residents who died young, new study finds, Grassy Narrows signs deal with Ottawa to build mercury care home, Grassy Narrows reminds Canada of unkept promises as AFN sets its priority agenda, Grassy Narrows chief calls on Ottawa to end delays on mercury treatment centre. They used the land and occupied it. 4:16. "Grassy Narrows members remain concerned about the impact of forestry on their land." It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. Water crisis in Indigenous Communities Across Canada . In some cases of strong claims and high impacts, the courts have acknowledged that consent must be obtained. Posted on August 7, 2014 by admin. But that's not what his government's application says. They were mutually recognized by other indigenous nations, and conducted trade and had relations with their neighbors. The Problem. Human rights at Grassy Narrows. Human Rights Watch: "June 27 marks three years since federal and provincial authorities in Ontario, Canada, promised to clean up decades-old mercury contamination. An Indigenous guide to the 2019 federal election, Trudeau government seeks judicial review of tribunal decision to compensate First Nations kids, NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh is asked how much money he would spend to ensure all communities have safe drinking water. Last week I walked with those in support of Grassy Narrows and the River Run Walk. Grassy Narrows' historical and legal rights are respectively recognized and affirmed under section 25 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and section 35(1) of the Constitution Act, 1982. Feds have failed to explain ‘inaction’ in Grassy Narrows, says UN human-rights expert. Audience Relations, CBC P.O. Die Grassy-Narrows-Blockade wird seit 2002 von einem aus rund 1300 Mitgliedern bestehenden Indianerstamm des Anishinabe-Volkes in der kanadischen Provinz Ontario, der Grassy Narrows First Nation, durchgeführt.Sie richtet sich gegen das Abholzen ihres traditionellen Gebietes, das sie als unverzichtbare Quelle für ihre Kultur betrachten. Canada is one of only four countries who voted against the declaration. The Grassy Narrows community members are descendents of this Nation and are therefore entitled to exercise the rights established in this treaty, including the “right to pursue their avocations (of hunting and fishing) throughout the tract.” This is commonly understood to include the right to trap animals for food, and to exercise these rights both for sustenance and commercial purposes. The people of Grassy Narrows are the direct descendents of the Salteaux tribe of the Ojibway Nation. Grassy Narrows. He says he will do 'whatever it takes. 50 years on, the community’s youth are determined to get justice. On Monday, a team of local reporters in Grassy Narrows published four news stories within two hours, using shared laptops in a classroom with intermittent Internet access. - Judy DaSilva, Grassy Narrows "We have struggled for many years to save our way of life in the face of clear-cut logging, which has contaminated our waters and destroyed our lands. The letter writing campaign is being launched ahead of the global Human Rights Day in December. Chrissy Isaacs said. "It feels like forever. He used the community as an example of the "the inaction of Conservative and Liberal governments," saying compounding examples — Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau saying "thank you for your donation" to a protester asking questions about Grassy Narrows at a fundraising event, the remaining 56 listed boil water advisories on reserves and now the appeal of the ruling — prove the Liberals won't fight for Indigenous communities. NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh attacked the Liberals' record on Indigenous issues, saying the government's decision to appeal the latest ruling on compensation for Indigenous children demonstrates the kind of inaction that can be expected if they're re-elected.Â. As an adult, her legs are starting to go numb, and she's unable to swallow easily. Treaty 3 has also been largely violated by the governments of Canada and Ontario. The ruling also directed Ottawa to compensate some of the parents and grandparents of children who were apprehended. I figure that the Right to Life is an Indigenous Human Rights issue. Ancestors of the northern Ojibwe are thought to have originally inhabited the north shore of the upper Great Lakes. The Grassy Narrows community members are descendents of this Nation and are therefore entitled to exercise the rights established in this treaty, including the “right to pursue their avocations (of hunting and fishing) throughout the tract.” This is commonly understood to include the right to trap animals for food, and to exercise these rights both for sustenance and commercial purposes. In addition, the behavior of the Canadian Government is also in violation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which asserts that “Indigenous peoples have the right to own, use, develop and control the lands, territories and resources that they possess by reason of traditional ownership or other traditional occupation or use, as well as those which they have otherwise acquired.”. This consultation must be undertaken “in good faith, and with the intention of substantially addressing the concerns of the Aboriginal peoples whose lands are at issue.” The dealings of the Crown must further be considered honourable. NATIONAL DAY OF ACTION GRASSY NARROWS MARCH TORONTO. Bibliography. The CEO of Nestlé thinks otherwise and it’s this type of reasoning that has created a situation where I wonder if we have gone past the point of no return. We say that clean water is a Human Right. That figure caused disputes between the … A mercury treatment centre and care home was set to open in Grassy Narrows next month, based on a commitment made by former federal minister of Indigenous services Jane Philpott two years ago. Trudeau said he is not challenging the tribunal's conclusion that compensation should be awarded.Â, "We need to compensate those who've been harmed, but the question is how to do that," Trudeau said. "Those are conversations that we cannot have during a writ period.". Most of the Facebook Groups I belong to are Canadian Indigenous Facebook Groups and Human Rights Facebook Groups focusing on Indigenous Rights Issues. Grassy Narrows youth were one of ten global cases focused on young human rights defenders leading the charge for change in their communities. "We can't lose the progress we've made. The decision could leave the federal government on the hook for billions of dollars in compensation. Fishing is central to their culture, traditions and economy. On Friday, the Attorney General of Canada filed an application for a judicial review and for a stay of the ruling with the Federal Court — just over two weeks before the federal election and days before the Oct. 7 deadline for filing an appeal. Through a long process of deception and force by the Canadian Government the community has been dispossessed of their lands by Provincial legislation. We cannot go back to the old way of business where decisions were imposed on our people and our land with devastating consequences … The Indigenous community of Grassy Narrows, Canada, has been devastated by mercury poisoning. Taking Action. Human rights at Grassy Narrows. The clean water, our way of life, our traditions, even the wild rice picking and blueberry picking were all disappearing. Indigenous peoples have been victims of environmental racism for decades, with water quality and scarcity being one of the factors. Of the three other countries, Australia has since endorsed, and the U.S. and New Zealand have committed to reconsidering their position. ", Singh said the NDP would commit to providing Grassy Narrows with the full amount they asked for.Â, When asked if Indigenous communities would get a blank cheque to deal with water contamination and the issues that stem from it, he responded that it should be a priority.Â, "Yes, I'm saying we should do whatever it takes. Ottawa. Understanding Indigenous Rights. Our culture around water shows we are entering a spiritual drought. Urge the federal government to help restore what mercury has taken. The two numbers took into account different levels of care for patients. About $2 billion has been invested in fixing the water systems in Indigenous communities since 2015, but a report in 2017 by the Parliamentary Budget Officer said Ottawa will need to invest a minimum of $3.2 billion to bring First Nations water systems up to the standards of comparable non-Indigenous communities in order to eliminate boil water advisories. Her children are also showing similar symptoms of mercury poisoning.Â, She said there's a double standard between cities and Indigenous communities in Canada.Â, "How come in the cities they have clean water?" That figure caused disputes between the federal government and the community, as Ottawa's analysis found it would cost about $10 million to build the facility. Baskut Tuncak, the UN’s special rapporteur on human rights and hazardous substances and wastes, said he has heard during a two-week tour with various stops that members of Grassy Narrows … Published June 6, 2019 Updated June 6, 2019 . Ontario's Progessive Conservative government made it a campaign promise to clean up, or remediate, the Wabigoon River … It's all connected to the land." stripping intact forest regions of Grassy Narrows Territory into chunks of 20,000 barren acres or more. Traditionally, Ojibwe hunted large game for subsistence. Arising from these facts, the people of Grassy Narrows, as indigenous or aboriginal people, have unique, inherent, and enduring rights to the land, as well as basic human, legal and ethical rights. Learn more about specific Supreme Court of Canada rulings regarding indigenous rights. The Canadian Press . In 1871, Grassy Narrows First Nation, together with other Ojibway tribes, made a treaty with the Canadian government, The Crown, in the person of Queen Victoria, giving up aboriginal title to a large tract of land in northwestern Ontario and eastern Manitoba, Treaty 3 between Her Majesty the Queen and the Saulteaux Tribe of the Ojibbeway Indians at the Northwest Angle on the Lake of the Woods with … Fobister said a water test showed chemical compounds known trihalomethanes (THMs) that form when the chlorine used to disinfect … International human rights standards clearly establish that these rights should be freely enjoyed by everyone, without discrimination. ', Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau held a town hall in Saskatoon Thursday night, No agreement between Ottawa, Grassy Narrows over proposed mercury care centre before election call, Where the party leaders are on Day 25 of the federal election campaign, CBC's Journalistic Standards and Practices. Well, some say. "To be clear, funding is not an obstacle in these discussions. I had this moment where the absurdity of walking for water hit me. The mercury poisoning of Grassy Narrows—also known as Asubpeeschoseewagong First Nation—dates back to the 1960s, when the pulp and paper mill in Dryden, Ontario, owned by the Dryden Chemical Company dumped 9,000 kg of mercury into the Wabigoon and English River systems. Funding will reflect the agreed upon final design that best meets the needs of community members. the Canadian Government is also in violation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. In 2012, Kathleen Wynne visited Grassy Narrows saying she wanted to rebuild Grassy Narrows relationship with the province and 'get it right', but instead unilaterally decided to move ahead with the industrial clear cut logging plan without consent from the community. In the 1960s, a pulp mill upstream dumped an estimated nine tonnes of mercury into the river system, contaminating the fish and making them dangerous to eat. Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem. The severe mercury contamination of the rivers and lakes. The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was passed at the UN General Assembly and therefor applies to all countries. A variety of newsletters you'll love, delivered straight to you. ", In the last four years, the Liberals lifted 87 boil water advisories — a large percentage of the total number in Canada — and have committed in their 2019 election platform to eliminate the remaining ones by 2021.Â, McKenna told reporters that electing a Liberal government will see that work continued.Â, "We want to continue the progress," she said. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. Officially aboriginal or indigenous rights in Canada were recognized by the British Royal Proclamation of 1763 which states that “Nations or Tribes of Indians with whom We are connected, and who live under our Protection, should not be molested or disturbed in the Possession of such Parts of Our Dominions and Territories as, not having been ceded to or purchased by Us, are reserved to them, or any of them, as their Hunting Grounds.”  Although some the early traders were fairly respectful, the rapidly encroaching settlers mostly did not respect this proclamation. The uprooting and relocation of the community. A UN human rights expert says the need to address mercury … And now massive clearcut logging. Grassy Narrows Rights Learn more about the provincial, national and international rights that have been afforded to Grassy' Narrows. "Â, Isaacs, 39, said she was born with mercury in her body and experienced severe mental health problems as a child because of it. Illman-White said that Grassy Narrows being one of Amnesty International’s ten cases this year symbolizes that it is a “serious human rights violation that Canada has to look at.” Peter Kirby, a retired lawyer from Kenora, chose to focus on Grassy Narrows in his letter. This site is maintained by supporters working with Grassy Narrows organizers. Singh reacted to the news on Saturday while he was campaigning in Grassy Narrows, an Indigenous community in northern Ontario that has been dealing with mercury poisoning in its water supply for years, and has been under a water advisory since 2013. Infectbatter. In the absence of such an order, the federal government is asking to have the decision put aside and refer the matter back to the tribunal for review in accordance with directions set by the Federal Court.Â, Singh called the appeal a "betrayal of reconciliation. "We remain steadfast in our commitment to meeting the specific health needs of Grassy Narrows," Indigenous Services Minister Seamus O'Regan said in a statement Saturday. Tag Archives: Grassy Narrows WATER: A Human Right AND Responsibility, River Run Walk for Grassy Narrows in Toronto. Research and Investigation. The election campaign started with no resolution of that promise.Â. On Sept. 6, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal ordered the federal government to pay $40,000 — the maximum allowed under the Canadian Human Rights Act — to each child taken from homes and communities under the on-reserve child welfare system from Jan. 1, 2006, to a date to be determined by the tribunal. For the community it was devastating: fishing was a vital part of their way of life. With members of the Grassy Narrows First Nation protesting outside the Toronto fundraiser on Wednesday, two non-members advocating on their behalf attended the … The Grassy Narrows people have a special relationship to the river. The young people of Grassy Narrows have the right to grow up in a healthy environment and a thriving community. In addition, large patrilineal clans divide… Clean, drinkable water is a human right, that many Indigenous communities across Canada … Grassy Narrows has asked for $19 million to build the mercury treatment centre the government committed to in 2017. The centre, once completed, would provide frontline care for those afflicted with mercury poisoning, as well as provide further study on its impact on the human body. After 50 years of devastating contamination of their waters, the people of Grassy Narrows are owed a debt of justice. Grassy Narrows has asked for $19 million to build the mercury treatment centre the government committed to in 2017. Grassy Narrows First Nation fears further mercury poisoning as Ford government ends assessments for clear-cut logging. "Yesterday, all eight Northern NDP MPPs released a letter to Doug Ford calling on him to respond to the concerns of First Nations who have contacted him after he failed to respect treaty rights and rushed changes in Bill 197 that impacts treaty territories without consulting them." 5 years ago | 1 view. "Grassy Narrows continues to call for compensation for all community members for the impacts of the ongoing mercury crisis and for all support required to restore their health, way of life, livelihood, self-determination, lands and waters," the press release said. Young people from the Grassy Narrows First Nation in northwest Ontario are fighting for a healthy future for themselves and their community. It is the premier’s responsibility to ensure that their rights are finally respected and upheld." “I hope that the government hears these youth and what they’ve been saying. Add some “good” to your morning and evening. Grassy Narrows declared a state of emergency over its unsafe drinking water in 2015, after a boil-water advisory had already been in place for nearly two years, as it tried to get more information from the federal government about the safety of its water. Grassy Narrows and Whitedog’s residents show just how much is at stake in the global push to eliminate mercury. Home Wet'suwet'en Haudenosaunee Mi'kmaq ... deals with wildlife, but it is not a statute about how to protect human health,” says Joseph Castrilli, a lawyer with the Canadian Environmental Law Association. Yet, although Grassy Narrows has inherent, historical and legal rights which have been repeatedly upheld in the courts and on an international field by the United Nations, their rights are being blatantly violated. Treaty 3 has also … More than 400,000 letters of support from around the world called for justice for Grassy Narrows and contributed to the successful signing of an agreement to build a mercury care home. Trump’s actions South of us, the Topic of Covid-19 and Canadian border issues may seem a bit off topic with regard to Indigenous human rights but they are very … The Ontario Government currently grants multinational corporations like Weyerhaeuser the rights to clear-cut log Grassy Narrows' area, stripping intact forest regions of Grassy Narrows Territory into chunks of 20,000 barren acres or more. Playing next. By Elizabeth McSheffrey, Community Journalism Trainer In Ojibway, the word […] Report. It calls for an order setting aside the tribunal's decision and dismissing the claim for monetary compensation. The fur trade shifted this practice toward trapping smaller animals and trading their furs. Follow. We say that clean water is a Human Right. In order to absolve themselves of any responsibility for their actions, the federal government and Reed Paper Company (which had bought out the Dryden Chemical Company) ended up paying a settlement to Grassy Narrows, … More . ", Catherine McKenna, a Liberal candidate in Ottawa who serves as environment minister under Trudeau, acknowledged Saturday that there's "still a lot more work to do. she said.Â. The Anishnabe people of Grassy Narrows … This week the Liberal government announced it would challenge a landmark human rights ruling to compensate apprehended First Nations children harmed by the on-reserve child welfare system and under-funded child and family services. Well, some say. WATER CRISIS. On October 3rd, 1873 Treaty 3 was signed between the Crown and the Chiefs of the Salteaux Tribe of the Ojibway Indians. "Â, With files from Olivia Stefanovich and Jorge Barrera. The Supreme Court of Canada has repeatedly upheld historical indigenous or aboriginal rights, and clarified that in any development with potential impact on treaty rights the Crown has a duty to meaningfully consult and accommodate the affected First Nation, at a minimum. A UN human rights expert says the need to address mercury contamination in Grassy Narrows dates back some 50 years. Grassy Narrows First Nation is one of the 10 cases included in the organization’s Write for Rights event. Learn more about specific Supreme Court of Canada rulings regarding indigenous rights. Home. Youth and what they ’ ve been saying `` to be clear, funding is not an obstacle these... Australia has since endorsed, and she 's unable to swallow easily entering a spiritual.... 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