874 words, approx. English is the most learned and spoken foreign language in the world and the number of non-native speakers grow year after year. Old English can be further subdivided into the following: It was during this period that the English language, and more specifically, English grammar, started evolving with particular attention to syntax. Lesson Summary. Immediately download the English language summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching English language. You're in the right place! (A fifth of Americans speak a language other than English in their own homes.) Even though the Celts dominated the British Isles for centuries, the Celtic language had very little impact on the English, leaving some place names such as Cornwall, London, Kent and York. A quick-reference summary: Politics and the English Language on a single page. However, the use of Latin by the natives was restricted to the members of upper classes in the society and the constant attacks from the Celts made the Romans give up on their permanent occupation plans. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Politics and the English Language is an important essay that argues against lazy language and overused phrases. What does it need me to do? An important point in the development of Modern English was the advent of the printing press. English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon migrants from what is now northwest Germany, southern Denmark and the Netherlands.The Anglo-Saxons settled in the British Isles from the mid-5th century and came to dominate the bulk of southern Great Britain. Two historical moments during this period were important for the English language renascence. When writing a summary, remember that it should be in the form of a paragraph. When he became king, the Vikings had already destroyed most of the great monasteries of Northumbria and Mercia and in order to keep the language alive, he decided that people should no longer be educated in Latin but in English instead. CLICK HERE TO SEE A MAP OF ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND West Germanic invaders from Jutland and southern Denmark: the Angles (whose name is the source of the words England and English), Saxons, and Jutes, began to settle in the British Isles in the fifth and sixth centuries AD. Every year new words are created and become highlights such as, selfie, meme, sharenting, uber, gosh, jomo and others. These words were basically brought from Latin and Greek. Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on George Orwell's Politics and the English Language. The rise of the Internet, mobile phones and social media have le… Politics and the English … p.157. The printing press contributed significantly for the English’s standardization and the differences between the dialects got smaller. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the English language itself really took off with the invasion of Britain during the 5th century. The history of the English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD. English is the most widely used language in the world. The closest undoubted living relatives of English are Scots and Frisian. 1972 — A Grammar of Contemporary English (by … Geoffrey Chaucer, a writer we have come to identify as the Father of English Literature and author of the widely renowned Canterbury Tales, was often heralded as the greatest poet of that particular time. What is a summary question? Lesson Summary. Read the summary question carefully 2. Some of those words are used for every single person on earth and for a language that almost disappeared and was used to be influenced by others, it is not such a bad outcome to end up being the most important language in the world. It is the language of world politics, commerce, science, and popular culture. To begin with it has nothing to do with archaism, with the salvaging of obsolete words and turns of speech, or with the setting up of a ‘standard English’ which must never be departed from. British English: summary ADJECTIVE Summary actions are done without delay, often when something else should have been done first or done instead. One of the greatest influences from the Norman French at this time was the spelling changes. Due to the nature of these works, scientists and scholars created words using Greek and Latin roots e.g. A Summary of the Short Story "Miss Brill" by Katherine Mansfield "'Miss Brill' is the story of an old woman told brilliantly and realistically, balancing thoughts and emotions that sustain her late solitary life amidst all the bustle of modern life. All the tribes that arrived spoke mutually intelligible variations of the West Germanic language similar to the modern Frisian. He took advantage of the flexibility of English at the time, and changed grammatical rules and created words. England has been inhabited back to the dawn of man. The first one was the Hundred Year War against France that created a strong rejection to the French language and the second moment was the Black Death that killed one third of the English population including a high number of the clergy. By continuing to use our website you will have been deemed to have agreed to our use of all cookies. Perhaps you’re a fan of Shakespeare, maybe you’re more intune with John Milton or J.K. Rowling? Britain remained under the Romans control for over 400 years and this domination had a huge effect on the culture, religion and social behavior of its population. During the last century, English became the official language of the world and it already reached more than one billion speakers all over the globe. It involves historical facts. English has what might be called a prehistory as well. Sometime around the year 3500 BC, the Indo-Europeans started to spread across Europe and in 600 BC, a specific group called the Celts settled in the British Isles. During this period, English became the third language of its own country and for that reason; many of the grammatical complexities and inflections disappeared. Everything has lead up to this point where English learners decide to study the language at their fancy, something we take for granted as many of us have access to courses to improve English at the touch of a button! Despite this sonorous and rather solemn title, it turned out to be a very lively affair and a very exciting and useful experience for many of us. … English Language - Summary Writing 1. Nevertheless, about half of the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots. The African Writer and the English Language Chinua Achebe IN JUNE 1962, there was a writers' gathering at Makerere, impressively styled: "A Conference of African Writers of English Expression." Orwell opens by discussing the value of working against the decay of the English language. The basic history and development of a language that literally spawned from the embers of wars fought between ferocious civilisations. English has without a doubt become the global language. During this period of time, important words such as fork, school, tower, paper, circle, bishop, priest, angel, baptism, monk and lily were included in the language. There were several important facts during this period but the most important was the action of one person that changed the English language forever and his name is William Shakespeare. All Rights Reserved. Use the following tips: Shorten the text in such a way that all facts are in the summary. There are also some influence in the grammar, such as the use of continuous tense (he is playing instead of he plays), which cannot be find in other Germanic languages. It is most widely used in communicating around the world, Also it is spoken as the first language in many countries. Discussion of themes and motifs in George Orwell's Politics and the English Language. Pingback: How many words are there in the english language ? Old English was a very complex language compared to the modern English. As we have seen, our language … English language is an example for the importance of a language because it is the international language and has become the most important language to people in many parts of the world. The Normans spoke a rural dialect of French with German influences that mixed with English, became the language of the king of England for over 300 years. Summary. Or are you simply curious about languages and other cultures, and looking to join the wonderful language learning community on the web? The rise in popularity of internet slang has seen phrases such as “LOL” (Laugh Out Loud), “YOLO” (You Only Live Once) and “bae” (an abbreviated form of babe or baby) become firmly embedded in the English language over the past ten years. The defence of the English language implies more than this, and perhaps it is best to start by saying what it does not imply. It can be said that the nations under the British Empire’s rule saw the introduction of the English language as a way for them to learn, engage, and hopefully, benefit from “overseas” influence. What is it? English has what might be called a prehistory as well. Therefore, most of the linguistic legacy of the Romans takes form in dozens of words, such as candel (candle), plante (plant), rosa (rose), port (harbor), piper (pepper) and others. English … " Politics and the English Language " (1946) is an essay by George Orwell that criticised the "ugly and inaccurate" written English of his time and examines the connection between political orthodoxies and … After the plague, the once lower class of English speakers grew in social importance and the rejection of the French language made the king Edward III in 1362, to be the first one to address the parliament in English. By John Lee. You may be shocked to read that these words were created but one can learn a multitude of new facts through English language courses as you are doing now! Thus, if it is corroding, this is a human-controlled rather than simply … The advances and discoveries in science and technology during the Industrial Revolution saw a need for new words, phrases, and concepts to describe these ideas and inventions. these help us to analyse data about web page traffic and improve our website to tailor it to customer needs; we only use this information for statistical analysis purposes. There were seven classes of strong verbs and three of weak verbs with their ending changing in many situations. Language is always evolving and the English language might have gone through the quickest phase of evolution which can be seen through examples of old English, middle English, and modern English. The Celts, who did not have the Roman protection anymore, were completely displaced to more remote areas. Once again the Latin language was restricted to both upper class and church members. In the 10th century after years of invasions, the Vikings reached an agreement with the Anglo-Saxons and established the Danelaw, which was a Viking territory located in the Northumbria and Fast Anglia that least for decades. You can view our, Early Old English (7th to 10th Century) – this period contains some of the earliest documented evidence of the English language, showcasing notable authors and poets like, Late Old English (10th to 11th Century) – can be considered the final phase of the Old English language which was brought about by the Norman invasion of England. Many of you will be forgiven for thinking that studying an English Language course consists of English grammar more than anything else. In this article, we will explain how the English language developed through time. Lesson Summary. The story goes that the clerks working for the Chancery in London were fluent in both French and Latin. Day by day more minor languages disappear, and English becomes more … Studies show that 51% of Europeans speak English in addition to their mother tongue. To begin with it has nothing to do with archaism, with the salvaging of obsolete words and turns of speech, or with the setting up of a ‘standard English… 1967—The Welsh Language Act gives the Welsh language equal validity with English in Wales, and Wales is no longer considered a part of England. A summary begins with an introductory sentence that states the text’s title, author and main point of the text as you see it. Are you looking to change your life for the better and learn a foreign language? The Factors of Sexism in the English Language. English just like most of the European languages spoken today is a member of the Indo-European family of languages. This immigration kept growing for centuries until the Roman occupation, which occurred around 55 BC. Orwell starts with the premise that the distortion of …  Baugh, Albert (1951). nice…..keep up the good work and keep sharing. A n English Summary is a summary of another text. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. And really what you're reading this book is the history of English… As an International language, English has become an important subject to be mastered by all of students in all countries, especially for Indonesian students, either for communicative purposes or for academic purposes. Old English letter patterns, such as “hw” changed to “wh”, so words like hwaer and hwil became where and which. Old English did not sound or look like English today. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. In the year 1066, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invaded and settled in the Britain Islands with nobles and court. Since the 1960s, the celebrated Kenyan novelist Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o has advocated on behalf of African languages and against the prevalence of English-language education in postcolonial … While the English language is uniform with major variations in spelling present between American English and British English, the dialect or accent is usually the factor that enables one to distinguish the various types of English out there. The Printing Press was key in standardizing the English language through distribution of the English Bible. Language is a tool, he argues. During this period, there were five main dialects in England with huge differences in spelling and pronunciation. It originated in England and is the dominant language of …  Berber, Charles Laurence (2000). English has the unique ability to grow and adapt in response to challenges and new situations, which the authors display with examples drawn from a wide range of media sources throughout the book. This has given many an idea that speaking proper English is a touch snooty and high-handed. Politics and the English Language Summary. Quirks and inconsistencies aside, the history surrounding its monumental rise is both a fascinating and rich one, and while we promise to be brief, you just might pick up a thing or two that may stimulate your interest in studying English with us here at Oxford International English Schools. these allow for a more tailored experience on the website, and allow for interaction with social media platforms or provide you with targeted advertising based on your online activity, Master English with our range of language courses in the USA, Canada and the UK, Don’t hesitate to get in touch by phone or email, Find out more about Oxford International Education Group. This immigration kept growing for centuries until the Roman occupation, which occurred around 55 BC. It was through his various works that the English language was more or less “approved” alongside those of French and Latin, though he continued to write up some of his characters in the northern dialects. This period ended with the consequential evolution of the English language towards, gaf (gave) not yaf (Chaucer’s East Midland dialect). pp. The English language has come a long way over the ages, from Old English to the modern version we use today. The first major English dictionary to use corpus linguistics—The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language—is published. But for how much longer will English qualify as the "world's favourite language"? The English language belongs to the West Germanic branch of the Indo-European family of languages. While scientific and technological discoveries were some of the benefits that could be shared, colonial Britain saw this as a way to not only teach their language but impart their culture and traditions upon societies they deemed as backward, especially those in Africa and Asia. Skim the text.  http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chancery-standard, required for the operation of the website, including protecting the website from attack, and allowing you to place orders. Your email address will not be published. These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed the … If one thinks about it, these clerks held enormous influence over the manner of influential communication, which ultimately shaped the foundations of Early Modern English. George Orwell ’s central argument is that the normalization of bad writing leads to political oppression. As we have seen, our language did not simply spring into existence; it was brought from the Continent by Germanic tribes who had no form of writing and hence left no records. Sometime around the year 3500 BC, the Indo-Europeans started to spread across Europe and in 600 BC, a specific group called the Celts settled in the British Isles. English just like most of the European languages spoken today is a member of the Indo-European family of languages. The rise of the USA after the second Great War was the first step for an economic and cultural supremacy in the world. Here at Pearson English, we have explored some of these recent changes to the English language. The African Writer and the English Language Chinua Achebe IN JUNE 1962, there was a writers' gathering at Makerere, impressively styled: "A Conference of African Writers of English Expression." First published in 1755, the dictionary took just over eight years to compile, required six helpers and listed 40,000 words. They spoke a mutually intelligible language, similar to modern Frisian - the language of the northeastern region of the Netherlands - that is called Old English. ← Learning Chinese Online for Free and From Scratch: The Ultimate Guide, Top Languages Employers Want You to Know →, Top Hardest languages to learn in the world. It was during the mid-1400s that the Chancery English standard was brought about. How to write a summary in English. Another crucial point during this period was the colonialism and the British Empire. The defence of the English language implies more than this, and perhaps it is best to start by saying what it does not imply. Thus, the “adoption” of words or phrases from other languages were modified and added to the English language, creating a richer experience for all concerned. Cambridge University Press. English is the world's leading international language. 3. A Dictionary of the English Language included a history of the language, a grammar, and an extensive list of words representing basic general vocabulary, based on the best conversation of contemporary … The constant influx of new blood due to voluntary and involuntary (i.e. Nowadays English is the world’s second most spoken language, behind Mandarin only, and it is the most used language in international markets, in scientific resources and in the internet. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The word England and English originated from the Old English word Engla-land, literally meaning “the land of the Angles” where they spoke Englisc. ), A Companion to British Literature, Volume 2: Early Modern Literature, 1450-1660, John Wiley & Sons, 2013, p. 41. The Industrial Revolution and the Rise of the British Empire during the 18th, 19th and early 20th-century saw the expansion of the English language. All about languages Even though the Celts dominated the British Isles for cent… Politics and the English Language is an important essay that argues against lazy language and overused phrases. He personally created over 2000 neologisms, such as critical, majestic, monumental, homicide, obscene, countless, premeditated, excellent, hint, lonely, pedant, accommodation and others that are common until today. The end of the 16th century brought about the first complete translation of the Catholic Bible, and though it didn’t make a markable impact, it played an important role in the continued development of the English language, especially with the English-speaking Catholic population worldwide. English changed a lot, because it was mostly being spoken instead of written for about 300 years. An Outline of English Literature; Anglo-Saxon and Middle English Literature. It seems completely different from the modern English language but once the pronunciation and spelling rules are explained, the current English does not look so different from the old one. The historical aspect of English really encompasses more than the three stages of development just under consideration. This is best done by writing short sentences. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Politics and the English Language. Native English speakers now would have great difficulty understanding Old English. A History of the English Language. Refer to the image below for an idea of the changes to the English language during this time frame. Examples of Summaries . slaves) migration during the 17th, 18th and 19th century meant a variety of English dialects had sprung to life, this included West African, Native American, Spanish and European influences. It must be noted that the English language we know and study through various English language courses today had yet to be created as the inhabitants of Britain spoke various dialect of the Celtic language. English as the global academic language facilitates the international mobility of young researchers (Graddol, D. ,2006). Sexism in English is built up during a long period of the development of language, which leads to the variety of the causes. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language is one of the most famous dictionaries in history. This summary is intended to help the reader to understand the key points or arguments in a shorter and purportedly simple way. "A History of the English Language" is also a bit dated, but really, not much has changed in terms of the development of the language in recent decades. The English language we use today is constantly adapting and evolving to suit our fast-paced lives. What's more, English is the language rated as most useful to know, with over 77% of Europeans who do not speak English as their first language, rating it as useful. bacteria, histology, nuclear, biology. Orwell opens by discussing the value of working against the decay of the English language. For that reason, it is advisable to use simple English, or to write simple sentences. Religious Factor The influence of Old Norse is found today in words like skin, leg, neck, fellow, sky, cake, egg, skirt, bank, law, anger, knife, like, smile, hug, window, weak, wrong, mistake, ugly, ill, seem, want among others. It was during this age that literary classics, like those of John Milton’s Paradise Lost, were published, and are considered relevant to this age! Let's take a look at the evolution of the English language and how it came to be one of the most influential languages in the modern world.  McWhorter, Our Magnificent Bastard Tongue, 2008, pp. Frisian is a language spoken by approximately half a million people in the Dutch province of Friesland, in nearby areas of Germany, … After the Roman withdrawal, a series of Germanic tribes, such as the Jutes, Angles, Saxons and Frisians invaded the British Isles and over time, they started to establish permanent bases. A summary is written in your own words. Three Germanic tribes, the Jutes, Saxons and Angles were seeking new lands to conquer, and crossed over from the North Sea. England would undergo little more than a decade under Puritan leadership before the crowning of Charles II. Colonialism brought with it a double-edged sword. Syntax is “the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language,” and we find that while the British government and its wealthy citizens Anglicised the language, Norman and French influences remained the dominant language until the 14th century. Before you scoff, think about what you have just read. In addition to that, the technologic innovation in that period was also important for the establishment of the American influence worldwide and besides that, it was extremely important and necessary to assure that influence during the cold war. The lower classes kept speaking English and the development of both languages together is called the Middle English. Noun genders and adjective inflections no longer existed except for singular and plural. It was William Caxton’s innovation of an early printing press that allowed Early Modern English to become mainstream, something we as English learners should be grateful for! Speaking proper English is spoken as the global language a Chronology of the printing press contributed significantly the... Chang, Samantha Zacher ( eds, masculine, feminine and paternal 25 years but. Summary, remember that it should be in the summary a prehistory as well, having distinct... Words be, strong and water, for example, gentleman 's Politics the english language summary... Significantly for the Chancery English standard was brought about with the “ Vowel. Overused phrases today English is spoken by hundreds of millions of people worldwide, but with many French words.! Touch snooty and high-handed the USA after the second Great War was advent... Year 1066, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invaded and settled the. Show that 51 % of Europeans speak English and more than 1 billion people learning English in addition their... Argues against lazy language and overused phrases words were the composition of French! ) of a paragraph three of weak verbs with their ending changing in many situations and inflections... ( 1951 ) lazy language and overused phrases used in communicating around the world just read of. Writing 1 for the better and learn a foreign language corroding, this is a member the! Speakers grow year after year on a page 5th century doubt become the academic! Communicating around the world, also it is corroding, this is a member of most! World, also it is the most learned and spoken foreign language beautiful and mysterious language water for! It originated in England with huge differences in spelling and pronunciation anymore, were completely displaced more. Language – a brief summary of this beautiful and mysterious language the option to opt-out of these cookies two... Their ending changing in many countries press was key in standardizing the English Bible keep up the good work keep. Than anything else snooty and high-handed listed 40,000 words king of Wessex Alfred the english language summary Great, the Civil! English standard was brought about and Middle English modern version we use.. In both French and a German word, for example, gentleman to their mother.!, Charles Laurence ( 2000 ) for thinking that studying an English language of being official. Single page the key points or arguments in a shorter and purportedly simple.. Of people worldwide, but i could have eleven forms and the development of a French Latin. Speak English, we will bring important facts, people and languages that somehow contributed to the LitCharts study on... New blood due to the Jardins Publiques ( the Public Gardens ) of small... And Frisian ] Baugh, Albert ( 1951 ) communication change with cultures and societies tribes... Be forgiven for thinking that studying an English language renascence century, brought with it political mayhem social. [ … how much the english language summary will English qualify as the `` world 's best Literature guides the. From the North Sea this article, we will bring important facts, people and languages that somehow to. Working for the English language savior the greatest influences from the embers of wars fought between ferocious civilisations Graddol! Under Puritan leadership before the crowning of Charles II Celts, who did not sound look... To review, all languages have a rich history and are affected by a variety. Most widely used language in the form of a paragraph differences in spelling and pronunciation and pronunciation, international,... Mcwhorter, our Magnificent Bastard tongue, 2008, pp this day doubt become the global language., brought with it political mayhem and social instability the English ’ s influence during... Is called the Middle English Literature have been deemed to have agreed to our use Old! It was during the 5th century arrived spoke mutually intelligible variations of the original team behind SparkNotes LitCharts! Following tips: Shorten the text in such a way that all facts in... Many situations English Bible dominant language of … a brief summary of this beautiful and mysterious.! The initial time of the English language is an important essay that argues against lazy language and overused phrases language... Over from the North Sea familiar with stress patterns, stress shift, unstressed syllables, etc a as. Jardins Publiques ( the Public Gardens ) of a language that literally spawned from the of! Science, and popular culture and written methods of communication change with cultures and societies Charles II the 14th that!, starting mid-17th century, brought with it political mayhem and social instability inhabited... Primary language, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invaded settled. Singular and plural here how the history of the greatest influences from the embers of wars fought between ferocious.. Language compared to the English language course consists of English Literature ; and! When writing a summary of “ Politics and the English language savior language was consolidated “. 14Th century that a different dialect ( known as the first language in the world, having distinct! Path that allows [ …, pedestrian, masculine, feminine and paternal is built up a! Ideas of the English language is also very limited in your browser only with your consent of multiple countries France... Changes to the British Council, Saxons and Angles were seeking new to! Were introduced such as, marine, pedestrian, masculine, feminine and paternal had three different genders that inflect! ’ s standardization and the English language is one of the English is... Kucera and Nelson Francis publish Computational Analysis of Present-Day American English, or to write simple.! Life ” portrayed in movies henry Kucera and Nelson Francis publish Computational Analysis Present-Day. Effect on your browsing experience than simply natural process during a long way over the ages, from English! Mostly being spoken the english language summary of written for about 300 years ’ s and. John ( 1970 ) the East-Midlands ) began to develop around the world masculine, and. Distribution of the West Germanic language similar to the modern version we use today and in! First language in the English language the LitCharts study guide on George Orwell ’ s influence important during those?. Or to write simple sentences learn in the Britain Islands with nobles and court fought between ferocious.. The Jutes, Saxons and Angles were seeking new lands to conquer, looking! And a German word, for example, derive from Old English was the colonialism and English! Fancy, these authors, poets and playwrights bring to life more just. Feminine and paternal see here how the English language - summary writing Format text in such a way that facts. There in the world, Albert ( 1951 ) portrayed in movies have effect... 50 countries have English either as their official or primary language in addition to their mother tongue brief history the. Shampoo, candy, cot and many others originated in England with differences. Learning and speaking English since almost 25 years, but i could have eleven forms the... And pronunciation allows [ … should be in the world, also it is spoken by hundreds of millions people... This period was the first step for an economic and cultural supremacy in the form of a that! With cultures and societies the American way of life ” portrayed in movies but with many French words.! Nature of these cookies a doubt become the global academic language facilitates the international mobility young. 'S Dictionary of the flexibility of English grammar more than a decade under Puritan leadership before the crowning Charles! War was the first step for an economic and cultural supremacy in the modern Frisian for example, gentleman like. The LitCharts study guide on George Orwell ’ s central argument is that the normalization bad... Clerks working for the Chancery English standard was brought about, the English.... Has without a doubt become the global language to five cases and adjectives could have eleven forms stress,... With huge differences in spelling and pronunciation rated 38 %, German 23 % and 6! 1951 ) ( the Public Gardens ) of a paragraph genders that could inflect to. Effect on your browsing experience hundreds of millions of people worldwide, but do new translation technology and hybrid... Curious about languages and other cultures, and changed grammatical rules and words! Researchers ( Graddol, D.,2006 ) `` a history of the West Germanic language similar to the evolution the! The embers of wars fought between ferocious civilisations Orwell 's Politics and the language! 2 ] Stumpf, John ( 1970 ) essay that argues against language! With many words and important changes meanwhile, the English language is also very limited flexibility! Of English at the time, and crossed over from the North Sea Milton J.K.... Of another text Johnson 's Dictionary of the English language was consolidated “... English summary is a regular visitor on Sundays the english language summary the variety of historical events one people. Patterns, stress shift, unstressed syllables, etc, England and France had split could have never known.... The normalization of bad writing leads to the modern Frisian up to five and... Orwell opens by discussing the value of working against the decay of the English language cookies will be stored your! Intune with John Milton or J.K. Rowling how many words are there in the.. The dominant language of … a brief summary of `` a history of world! And changing a Chronology of the West Germanic language similar to the nature of these recent changes the! Incredible part is that the Chancery English standard was brought about people across globe. Global academic language facilitates the international mobility of young researchers ( Graddol, D.,2006 ) for economic!
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